A Blocked Outside Drain Can Cause Flooding And Damage

A Blocked Outside Drain Can Cause Flooding And Damage

An outside drain serves a unique purpose, different than other drain lines inside a building. A blocked outside drain can create havoc for a homeowner. A typical plumbing drain system consists of a network of pipes, which at the end of the run, connect to the city sewer system. All the water faucets, including in the bathrooms and kitchen, drive wastewater to the house sewer line. A house sewer usually runs beneath the garden, driveway, or lawn. The line or pipe delivers wastewater from your home into a city sewer, then a treatment plant. It is at the treatment plant where everything will be chemically treated, then released again to the environment. Apart from all water fixtures inside the house, a main sewer line is also connected to outside drains. For example, area drains, roof drains, driveway drains, and more. Just like all water fixtures, these outside drains are not invulnerable to clogging. Leaves, dirt, and heavy rainstorms can be too much for the outside drains to take. Likewise, just like any drain pipe, an outside drain pipe can break or get root infested. When a blocked outside drain is most likely to occur While a blocked outside drain can happen any day of the year, it occurs most commonly during fall season when leaves from garden shrubs and trees scatter all around the ground. Added to a large volume of water from Fall rainstorms, an accumulation of debris and leaves can easily cause a blocked outside drain. As a result, you have a pool of stagnate water which can become a breeding ground for insects, such as mosquitoes....
Floor Drain Backup: Causes, Cures, And Prevention

Floor Drain Backup: Causes, Cures, And Prevention

To prevent wastewater or surface water from flooding the basement, a water-draining plumbing fixture is placed at the lowest spot in the floor. That fixture is commonly known as a floor drain. From time to time a floor drain backup can occur. Because water flows from higher to lower ground by the force of gravity, a small area surrounding the floor drain is usually designed with some slope to allow water to easily flow into the drain. A floor drain receptacle can be either round or square, and always has a cover grating made of a composite plastic or metal. The size of a floor drain varies from around 6 inches to 12 inches, depending on how wide the floor area is, or how much surface water the room may be subjected to. Without the strainer or grate cover, a floor drain will just look like a big hole in the floor. Besides preventing large pieces of debris, or hard physical objects from entering the drain, the strainer also prevents physical injury. The cover can also stop unwanted pests, such as rodents. A strainer with a small grating can act as a barrier for a lot of small objects including gravel, but it will restrict the flow of water and make it drain slowly. Bigger grating openings allow for drains to operate more quickly. But larger grating openings require more maintenance to clean debris from the trap, or the drain sump. A sump full of debris will lead to a floor drain backup. Where a Floor Drain Is Located A typical residential basement has at least one floor drain,...
Dry Wells Have Various Helpful Uses

Dry Wells Have Various Helpful Uses

Dry wells (also known as soakaway pits, soakwell, or soak pit), is one of the earliest models of a water runoff management system. The shape and design is similar to those of a water well, but dry wells are filled with gravel, or surrounded by gravel, and usually covered from sight. Unlike water wells that basically function as a water reservoir or holding tank, dry wells contain rainwater or wastewater, and allows this water  to percolate into the soil. Dry wells are primarily used as a means to control the excess of runoff water from the roof, finished surfaces, and basements as well. A properly designed dry well is connected to a series of pipes which collect and disperse water away from a particular area. A dry well tank, or basin, is located underground, but above the area’s water table. Dry wells installed in an areas water table (groundwater) will not function properly. In cases where there is a high water table, a leaching field may have to be used in place of dry wells. A dry well needs to be above water table so that the basin will contain air, and be empty of fluids. This design allows the dry well to absorb incoming water quickly until all the air is displaced. After it is full, a dry well can only absorb water as fast as it can dissipate the water inside of it to the surrounding gravel and sub soil. Two important points of constructing good dry wells To prevent frequent overflow a dry well has to be carefully designed by a professional Architect or Engineer. Soil...
Blocked Drains Can Be Prevented And Cured

Blocked Drains Can Be Prevented And Cured

Blocked drains are a relatively common occurrence. New York City is one of the most densely populated cities in the world, with complex private and public underground drain systems, and water supply systems as well. The city consists of the five boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx and Staten Island. With more than 28,000 people per square mile as of 2015, there is always the possibility of an improper plumbing installation that does not comply with city’s plumbing code, or misuse of the system. Some easy-to-repair blocked drains may turn into nasty, unhealthy, and unhygienic, disasters that affect a good number of residents in your community. Blocked drains are often preventable, and some of the common culprits are as follows. Grease Blocked Drains The most common cause of blocked drains are food residue and grease. Food residue, especially fatty ones, can easily stick and accumulate to the inside of the drain pipes. Over time, the buildup is hardened and it causes stubborn blockages. What starts as a soft build up of grease, eventually hardens into a tough to remove obstruction. One of the first symptoms of fat accumulation is slow drainage; if not treated properly, the accumulation gets bigger and completely prevents liquid materials from passing through the sink. It happens mostly in kitchen sinks. But if a drain pipe lacks pitch, grease can accumulate at that point as well. Hair Blocking A Drain In a bathroom or bathtub, blocked drains are often caused by a buildup of hair. Drain strainers do a great job of preventing hair from entering the pipe, but sometimes the hair gets stuck...
Common Yard Drainage Problems And Solutions

Common Yard Drainage Problems And Solutions

Yard drainage is probably the most overlooked component of a plumbing system. In a landscaped yard, paved area, or swimming pool area, poor drainage can present a whole range of issues. Poor yard drainage makes for the risk of creating a breeding ground for insects, foul stagnant water,  ruined plants and shrubbery, and potential trip and falls. In many instances homeowners tend to ignore such conditions until water drainage problems have become severe. Severe drainage issues can result in you and your family slogging around in bacteria and insect infested tainted water. Some of the most common yard drainage problems 1. Clogged Yard Drains and Area Drains Many things can clog yard drains. Because many yard drains are located near a grass area,  the usual suspects are leaves, twigs, grass cuttings, and trash. You can see a small portion of yard drain from the grate and see if an accumulation of debris or sediment is obstructing the water flow. This cure can be as simple as opening the grate when necessary and removing these items lying in the base of the drain. You can use a garden scoop, or simply put on a rubber glove and use your hand. It is not advisable to flush them with a garden hose, as these items tend to clog the pipe itself. If there is a long-standing problem that has made its way into the pipe, a sewer cleaning or water jet may be needed. In some cases pushing a pressurized garden hose in and out of the pipe can flush out the debris. 2. Dirt and Debris in Yard Drain During...
Sewer Cleanout Cap Locations, Types, And Proper Removal

Sewer Cleanout Cap Locations, Types, And Proper Removal

Understanding the purpose of a sewer cleanout cap is helpful. But understanding how to locate the proper  sewer cleanout, and remove the cap, is very important as well. There are basically two major components of house drain system. The main house drain, and the house sewer itself. The former is also commonly referred to as “sewer line” and it connects to the latter through a horizontal drain line typically located under the basement floor of a house. A house sewer is the outdoor portion of plumbing system, and it connects to either a municipal sewer or septic system. Between the main drain and house sewer or septic system, there should be a “cleanout” located close to the outside perimeter of the basement of the house. The main purpose is to provide easy access in case of clogging, both inside and outside the house. In most areas, including NYC, it would be a double vent house trap. Common Location of a Sewer Cleanout Cap The exact location of a sewer cleanout cap can be different from house to house, and in fact there are usually multiple cleanouts located inside the house. Not all plumbing systems are installed according to building codes, and codes vary from municipality to municipality. Under less-than-ideal circumstances, the cap is probably not visible due to accumulation of dirt on top of it, so you may need to do a little digging to see it. In other cases it may have had obstructions built over it. Sometimes interior walls, closets, or other items are placed over a cleanout preventing access. A sewer cleanout cap is usually installed...
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